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Correlational findings

Study Beja Jr. (2013): study ZZ 2000

Public:
Married women, 44 nations, 2000
Survey name:
WorldValuesSurvey 5
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 14013
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Individual choice and control
Our Classification
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: "Some people feel they have completely free choice and control over their lives, while other people feel that what they do has no real effect on what happens to them … indicate how much freedom of choice and control you feel you have over the way life turns out".

Rated  1 (no choice at all) to 10 (a great deal of choice).
2 consecutive values are collapsed to form 5 selfcontrol categories with Quintile 1 as the reference state.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +/-              ECONOMIC LEVEL NATION
            UPPER     MIDDLE     LOWER
Selfcontrol   b     p<    b     p<   b   p<
Quintile 2  + .27   ns  + .06  ns  -.52 .05
Quintile 3  + .84  .01  + .39 .01  +.07  ns
Quintile 4  +1.49  .01  + .83 .01  +.36 .05
Quintile 5  +2.04  .01  +1.56 .01  +.60 .01

b's controlled for:
- INDIVIDUAL characteristics:
      - age (+ age squared)
      - education
      - income
      - selffulfillment
      - financial satisfaction
      - employment status
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +/- When additonally controlled for:
- NATIONAL characteristics:
  - GDP p.c.(GDPPPC)
  - Female labour participation rate(LABOR):

             ECONOMIC LEVEL NATION
            UPPER     MIDDLE     LOWER
Selfcontrol   b     p<    b     p<   b   p<
Quintile 2  + .26   ns  + .01  ns  -.56 .05
Quintile 3  + .81  .01  + .32 .05  +.06  ns
Quintile 4  +1.43  .01  + .71 .01  +.33  01
Quintile 5  +1.99  .01  +1.37 .01  +.57 .01