Correlational findings

Study Nabi et al. (2008): study GB London 1985

Employees of a firm, age 35-55, London, United Kingdom, 1985-1990
N = 10308
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
Clinical information and a self-administered questionnaire. Phase 1: 1985-88 Phase 2: 1989-90 Phase 7: 2003-04


Authors's Label
Hazard of coronory heart disease
Our Classification
The incidence of coronary heart disease was assessed from phase 2 (1989-90) to phase 7 (2003-4), a mean follow-up of 12,5 years (SD 3,8). Coronary heart diseases included fatal diseases, first non-fatal myocardial infarction, or first 'definite' angina. Fatal diseases were flagged at the NHS registry. Non-fatal infarction was ascertained by asking respondents about chest pain and the physician's diagnosis of heart attack. Angina was assessed by asking respiondents about symptoms And medical records of abnormalities.

Risk of heart disease:
0 No
1 Yes

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-a OR = - ns                     Odds ratio
Lowest  happiness      1
Middle  happiness      0,97 [CI95 0.80-1.17]
Highest happiness      0,89 [CI95 0.89-1.09]

Less heart disease among the most happy

OR controlled for:
- age
- gender
- socioeconomic status
- ethnicity

Additional control for health related behavior, biological risk factors, stress at work and positive and negative affect did not affect the OR.