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Correlational findings

Study Kasmaoui & Bourhaba (2017): study ZZ 2006

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 132 nations, 2006
Survey name:
Gallup World Poll combined waves
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1320000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Democracy
Our Classification
Operationalization
Democratic quality of government; average score for two of the worldwide government indicators of the World Bank:
-voice and accountability; typical sub-indicators are political rights and civil liberties; confidence in honesty of elections, and press freedom.
-political stability and absence of violence; typical sub-indicators are level of armed conflicts, government stability, business conditions and risk indicators.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c b = -.07 p < .10 AVERAGE happiness by CURRENT democratic government quality in nation. (OLS analyses on pooled data 2006-2015 in 166 nations) C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c b = -.08 p < .05 CHANGE in AVERAGE happiness in 2006-2015 (measured by controling T2 happiness by T1 happiness) by CHANGE in democratic quality of government (World Bank).(GMM analysis in 116 nations)

b additionally controlled for CHANGE in
-log GDP per capita
-social support
-healthy life expectancy at birth
-confidence in national government
-freedom to make life choices
-public spending.

Similar b if addionally controlled for change in inequality in household income (Gini)