Correlational findings

Study Kasmaoui & Bourhaba (2017): study ZZ 2006

18+ aged, general public, 132 nations, 2006
Survey name:
INT-Gallup World Poll combined waves
N = 1320000
Non Response:
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's label
Social Support
Our Classification
Min 0,29  Max 0,99  Mean 0,81  SD 0,11
Can a person cannot rely on somebody (friends or relatives) to help in times of trouble?
0: no
1: yes


Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Special Research Type Elaboration / Remarks C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c b = +1.9 p < .01 Cross-national AVERAGE happiness by CURRENT social support in nation. (OLS analyses on pooled data 2006-2015 in 166 nations) C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c b = +1.0 p < .01 Cross-national, Longitudinal CHANGE in AVERAGE happiness in 2006-2015 (measured by controling T2 happiness by T1 happiness)by CHANGE in social support.
(GMM analysis in 116 nations)

b additionally controlled for CHANGE in
-log GDP per capita
-healthy life expectancy at birth
-confidence in national government
-freedom to make life choices
-democratic quality of government (World Bank)
-public spending.

Similar b if addionally controlled for change in inequality in household income (Gini)