Correlational findings

Study Kasmaoui & Bourhaba (2017): study ZZ 2006

18+ aged, general public, 132 nations, 2006
Survey name:
INT-Gallup World Poll combined waves
N = 1320000
Non Response:
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's label
Public Spending
Our Classification
Public Spending is total government expenditure as a percentage of GDP. According to the IMF  this expenditure consists of total expense and net acquisition of nonfinancial assets.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c b = +.00 ns AVERAGE happiness by CURRENT public spending in nation. (OLS analyses on pooled data 2006-2015 in 166 nations) C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c b = +.01 p < .10 CHANGE in AVERAGE happiness in 2006-2015 (measured by controling T2 happiness by T1 happiness)by CHANGE in public spending.
(GMM analysis in 116 nations)

b additionally controlled for CHANGE in
-log GDP per capita
-social support
-healthy life expectancy at birth
-confidence in national government
-freedom to make life choices
-democratic quality of government (World Bank)

Similar b if addionally controlled for change in inequality in household income (Gini)