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Correlational findings

Study Welsch & Kühling (2013): study DE 1991

Public:
15+ aged general public, Germany, 1991-2009
Survey name:
DE-SOEP combined waves
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 293998
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Comparison income
Our Classification
Operationalization
Predicted income based on:
- age
- sex
- level of education

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b-fix = -1.6 p < .05 West-Germany, 1991-1999 (pre-reform) O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b-fix = +13 p < .05 East-Germany, 1991-1999 O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b-fix = +.38 ns West-Germany, 2000-2009 (post-reform) O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b-fix = -.67 ns East-Germany, 2000-2009

b's controlled for:
- Age,
- Marital status
- Size household
- Education level
- Employment status
- Household income

Similar results when 2006-2009 is used for post-reform period.

Institutional change took place after the re-unification of East and West-Germany in 1990; in particlar in former communist East-Germany, where a capitalist market economy was restored.