Correlational findings

Study Ferrer-i-Carbonell (2005): study DE 1992

18+ aged general public, Germany, 1992-1997
Survey name
DE-SOEP combined waves
N = 16000
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Reference group income
Our Classification
Related specification variables
a) Family income of reference group: individuals with similar education level, inside same age bracket and living in same region (east/west Germany)
b) Difference between individuals family income and reference group family income

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d OPRC = -.23 Average income of reference group, whole sample.

Similar results for subsamples East/West Germany
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d OPRC = +.14 Difference between own family income family income of reference group, whole sample.

Similar results for East/West Germany
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d OPRC = +.08 Richer than average only O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d OPRC = -.19 Poorer than average only

All coefficients controlled for:
- age
- education
- number of children living in the household
- whether individual works