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Correlational findings

Study Boyce & Wood (2011): study DE 2005

Public:
17-96 aged, general public Germany, followed 4 years 2005-2008
Survey name:
DE-SOEP combined waves
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 54460
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: telephone (CATI)

Correlate

Authors's label
Employment status
Our Classification
Operationalization
a) Unemployed
b) Retired
c) Any other responses to occupation position (reference group)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta-f = -.27 p < .01 a) unemployed (vs working) O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta-f = -.00 ns b) retired (vs working)

All betas, based upon fixed effects, controlled for:
- Monthly household income (log)
- Household size (log)
- Marital status
- Disabled
- Child dummy

Slightly larger results for pooled OLS