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Correlational findings

Study Boyce & Wood (2011): study DE 2005

Public:
17-96 aged, general public Germany, followed 4 years 2005-2008
Survey name:
DE-SOEP combined waves
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 54460
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: telephone (CATI)

Correlate

Authors's label
Employment status
Our Classification
Distribution
Mean (S.D.)
a) Unemployed: 0.06 (0.24)
b) Retired: 0.25 (0.43)
Operationalization
a) Unemployed
b) Retired
c) Any other responses to occupation position (reference group)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta-f = -.27 p < .01 a) unemployed (vs working) O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta-f = -.00 ns b) retired (vs working)

All betas, based upon fixed effects, controlled for:
- Monthly household income (log)
- Household size (log)
- Marital status
- Disabled
- Child dummy

Slightly larger results for pooled OLS