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Correlational findings

Study Veroff et al. (1981): study US 1976

Public:
21+ aged, general public, USA, 1976
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 2264
Non Response:
29%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Structured interview

Correlate

Authors's Label
Population density
Our Classification
Related specification variables
Operationalization
1. Rural
2. Town
3. Small city
4. Suburb
5. Metro

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa G = -.04 p < .01 1957 O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa tc = -.03 p < .05 O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa G = -.05 p < .01 1976 O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa tc = -.03 p < .05
% very happy:      1957       1976

- Metro             29         22
- Suburb            38         32
- Small City        34         30
- Town              36         32
- Rural             35         32

Effect persists after control for age, sex and education. Interaction effects exist.