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Correlational findings

Study Veroff et al. (1981): study US 1976

Public:
21+ aged, general public, USA, 1976
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 2264
Non Response:
29%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Structured interview

Correlate

Authors's label
Population density
Our Classification
Operationalization
1. Rural
2. Town
3. Small city
4. Suburb
5. Metro

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa G = -.04 p < .01 1957 O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa tc = -.03 p < .05 O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa G = -.05 p < .01 1976 O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa tc = -.03 p < .05
% very happy:      1957       1976

- Metro             29         22
- Suburb            38         32
- Small City        34         30
- Town              36         32
- Rural             35         32

Effect persists after control for age, sex and education. Interaction effects exist.