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Correlational findings

Study Luechinger (2010): study ZZ Europe 1979

Public:
14+ aged, general public EU nations 1979-1994
Survey name:
EU-Eurobarometer ?
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 223982
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Numbers of children
Our Classification
Operationalization
1: no children (reference)
2: one child
3: two children
4: three children
5: four or more children

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b b = -.00 ns one child (vs no children) O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b b = +.01 ns two children (vs no children) O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b b = +.02 ns three children (vs no children) O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b b = -.03 ns four and more children (vs no children)
b's controled for
- household income
- personal characteristics
  - age
  - gender
  - marital status
  - employment status
  - education
  - rural/urban living
- Country characteristics
  - real GDP
  - unemployment rate
  - % GDP agrarian
  - % GDP industrial
  - % GDP FDI flows
  - urbanization
- Climate
  - % cloudy per month
  - rain
  - temperature
  - vapor pressure
- Country effects
- Year effects

Similar results in analysis using:
- Probit Adjusted OLS (POLS)
- Instrumental Variable (VI)