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Correlational findings

Study Helliwell et al. (2016): study ZZ 2012

Public:
15+ aged, general public, 156 nations, 2005-2015
Survey name:
GallupWorldPoll2016
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1560000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Multiple methods

Correlate

Authors's label
Perceptions of corruption
Our Classification
Operationalization
Selfreport on 2 questions:
a. Is corruption widespread throughout the government or not?
b. Is corruption widespread within businesses or not?
1:  yes
0:  no

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c b = -.58 p < .05 AVERAGE happiness (cognitive component) by corruption in 156 nations.
b controlled for
- log GDP per capita
- social support
- healthy life expectancy at birth
- freedom to make life choices
- generosity
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c b = -.66 p < .05 b additionallly controled for AVERAGE happiness (affective component)