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Correlational findings

Study Helliwell et al. (2016): study ZZ 2012

Public
15+ aged, general public, 156 nations, 2005-2015
Survey name
INT-GallupWorldPoll2016
Sample
Respondents
N =
Non Response
Assessment
Multiple assesment methods

Correlate

Authors's Label
Perceptions of corruption
Our Classification
Remarks
Where data for the government are missing, the perception of business corruption is used as the overall corruption-perception measure.
Operationalization
Selfreport on 2 questions:
a. Is corruption widespread throughout the government or not?
b. Is corruption widespread within businesses or not?
1:  yes
0:  no

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c b = -.58 p < .05 AVERAGE happiness (cognitive component) by corruption in 156 nations.
b controlled for
- log GDP per capita
- social support
- healthy life expectancy at birth
- freedom to make life choices
- generosity
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c b = -.66 p < .05 b additionallly controled for AVERAGE happiness (affective component)