Correlational findings

Study Rode (2013): study ZZ World samples 1995

18+ years, general public, 87 countries, 1995-2005
Survey name
INT-WorldValuesSurvey 1994-2008
N =
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Legal system and property rights
Our Classification
Part of Economic Freedom Index (Fraser Institute: Gwartney, Hall, & Lawson, 2011).
Related specification variables
A: Judicial independence
B: Impartial courts
C: Protection of property rights
D: Military interference in rule of law and politics
E: Integrity of the legal system
F: Legal enforcement of contracts
G: Regulatory restrictions on the sale of real property
H: Reliability of police
I: Business costs of crime

Ranges from 1 (least free) to 10 (most free).

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.07 ns AVERAGE happiness by legal system and property rights
In 87 nations
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = -.02 ns In 61 poor countries (GDP per capita less than $20,000) O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.18 p < .05 In 43 rich countries (GDP per capita more than $10,000)
b controls for:
-average memberships
-importance of God
-log GDP per capita (PPP)
-unemployment rate
-divorce rate
-regional dummies
-period dummies