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Correlational findings

Study Helliwell et al. (2014b): study ZZ World samples 2005

Public:
15+ years, general public, 157 countries, 2005-2012
Survey name:
Gallup poll
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 900000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Generosity (adjusted for GDP)
Our Classification
Operationalization
Residual of regresssing the national average average of self-reports for the question: "Have you donated money to a charity in the past month?" on GDP per capita.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c b = +.96 p < .01 AVERAGE happiness by AVERAGE democratic quality in 154 nations in the period 2005-2012 (n=776).
- Without country fixed effects
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c b = +.25 ns - With country fixed effects C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c b = +.74 p < .01 Countries with high delivery quality (greater than 0) (n=303) C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c b = +.04 ns Countries with low delivery quality (lower than 0) (n=473)

b controls for:
- democratic quality
- delivery quality
- log GDP per capita
- healthy life expectancy
- freedom to make life choices
- social support
- year fixed effects

Similar patterns are obtained when b additionally controls for:
- Regional fixed effects
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c b = +1.1 p < .01 Regression with 2005-2012 country averages.

b controls for:
- democratic quality
- delivery quality
- log GDP per capita
- healthy life expectancy
- freedom to make life choices
- generosity

A similar result is obtained when b controls for:
- regional fixed effects
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c b = +.22 ns AVERAGE happiness by AVERAGE democratic quality in 146 nations in the period 2005-2012 (n=696).

b controls for:
- Confidence in the national government (Gallup)
- Logged GDP
- Democratic quality
- Delivery quality
- Country fixed effects
- Year fixed effects
- Freedom to make life choices
- Social support

Similar results are obtained when some controls are removed.

In sum: When significant, generosity has a positive effect on life satisfaction.