- 18+ aged, general public, 89 nations, 1995-2005
- Survey name
- INT-WorldValuesSurvey 1994-2008
- N = 250000
- Non Response
- Interview: face-to-face
- Authors's Label
- Communion emphasis
- Our Classification
- a: People's emphasis on family as an important life domain
b: People's emphasis on friends as an important life domain
Communion = a+b
Normalized into a scale from 0 for someone attributing no importance to both family and friends to 1 for someone attributing high importance to both.
Observed Relation with Happiness
-interaction with agency feeling
Communion is negatively associated with happiness (b interaction=-.07, p<.01).
Unaffected by interactions with:
b controls for:
-agentic life strategies
-interaction between societal characteristics (agentic strategy and Western tradition) with individual characteristics:
-communion emphasis (people's emphasis on family and friends as important life domains)
-monetary saturation (satisfaction with financial situation of household)
-agency feeling*monetary saturation
Method used is hierarchical linear modeling.