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Correlational findings

Study Welzel & Inglehart (2010): study ZZ World samples 1995

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 89 nations, 1995-2005
Survey name:
INT-WorldValuesSurvey 1994-2008
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 250000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Income level
Our Classification
Operationalization
Self-reported income rank. Normalized scale with 0 for the lowest income bracket and 1 for the highest income bracket.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Special Research Type Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.04 p < .001 Cross-national INDIVIDUAL happiness by INDIVIDUAL income level in 76 nations

b controls for:
-societal characteristics
-Western tradition
-agentic life strategies
-individual characteristics
-biological age
-female sex
-income level
-education level
-interaction between societal characteristics (agentic strategy and Western tradition) with individual characteristics:
-communion emphasis (people's emphasis on family and friends as important life domains)
-monetary saturation (satisfaction with financial situation of household)
-agency feeling
-agency feeling*monetary saturation
-agency feeling*communion
-communion*monetary saturation


Method used is hierarchical linear modeling.