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Correlational findings

Study Elliott & Hayward (2009): study ZZ World samples 1999

Public:
18+aged, general public, 65 countries, 1999-2004
Survey name:
INT-WorldValuesSurvey 4
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 93142
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Independent Christian
Our Classification
Remarks
Independent Christian refers to all Chiristian groups that are not affiliated with any of the Catholic, Orthodox, or mainline Protestant groups.
Distribution
M=0,02  SD=0,14
Operationalization
1: Independent Christian
0: No religion

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Special Research Type Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = -.19 Cross-national b controls for individual characteristics:
-age
-education
-female
-married/partnered
-employment status (employed=1)
-religion:
-religious attendance
-personal religious identity
-belong to the largest religious group dummy
-religious affiliation dummies
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = -.19 Cross-national b additionally controls for national characteristics:
-freedom index (reflects government regulation of civil, religious, and political freedom)
-proportion of population in largest religion
-country level religious affiliation dummies
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = -.25 Cross-national b additionally controls for cross-level interactions between:
-freedom index and religious attendance
-freedom index and "am a religious person"