Correlational findings

Study Verme (2008): study ZZ World samples 1981

18+ aged, general public, 74 countries, 1981-2004
Survey name
INT-WorldValuesSurv 1-5
N = 267870
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Attitudes towards cheating on taxes
Our Classification
Self-report on a single question of whether it is justifiable to cheat on taxes. Responses are on a scale of 1 (never justifiable) to 10 (always justifiable).

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a OLRC = -.03 p < .001 INDIVIDUAL happiness by INDIVIDUAL attitudes towards cheating on taxes

In pooled data set:
OLRC controls for:
- individual characteristics
   -income (rank and squared rank)
   -age (and age squared)
   -tertiary education
    -about cheating on taxes
    -trust in people
    -trust in institutions
    -importance of family
    -importance of work
    -importance of religion
    -importance of politics
-national characteristics
-GDP (and GDP squared)
-employment rate (and squared)
-year fixed effects
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = - Separately in 74 nations.
Significantly negative in 27 nations.
Significantly positive in 1 nation.
Not significant in other nations.