- Adolescents, 22 developed countries, 1997-2006
- Survey name:
- N = 102300
- Non Response:
Questionnaire was administered in class.
- Authors's label
- Participatory teaching
- Our Classification
- Data obtained from two studies, the Civic Education Study (CES) and the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), both by the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA).
- a: Vertical teaching (lecturing and note-taking)
b: Horizontal teaching (working in groups and cooperation among students
Participatory teaching = b-a