Correlational findings

Study Alston & Knapp (1974): study US 1972

adults, general population, USA, 1972
Survey name
Nat Opinion Research
N = 2000
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Intergenerational mobility
Our Classification
Lower than father  : white 50%, black 55%
Same as father       : white 11%, black 11%
Higher than father  : white 39%, black 34%
1: upward generational mobility
0: downward generational mobility

Intergenerational mobility is measured by comparing the occupational prestige of the father with the occupational prestige of the respondent. Each occupation was assigned a prestige score. The prestige scores for each occupation were determined by asking respondents in a previous survey to rate the social standing of occupations on a nine-point scale. The respondents were asked to evaluate the prestige of a list of occupations by giving each a score from one to nine: one being the lowest rating, five the middle, and nine the highest.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa D% = + % happy (yes)
upward       27
downward     18
- difference  9

Blacks only. Data whites not reported.