Correlational findings

Study Franz & McClelland (1994a): study US 1977

46 of 116 children from child- rearing studies born in 1946 at age 31 years classified as participants in protest movement of the 1960th, United states, white, American
Survey name:
Unnamed study
N = 116
Non Response:
Questionnaire: paper
Interview of the mothers on parenting practices (1951) and assesment social class. Interview of 78 of 116 children at age 31(1977-1978): interview measures of attitudes and values and Erikson scheme of psychological adaptation


Authors's label
Parental style and well-being inlater life
Our Classification
Had beem involved in in the 1960s in civil righs protests, anti-Vietman war protests and hippy or alternative life style movements.

Assessed in content analysis of life review interviews at age 31 (in 1977), by 2 judges (in 1987).

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa r = -.26 Earlier activists (in the 1960s) are less happy in the 1980s than peers of equal education who were not involved in activism in the 1960s.

Males only
Effect among females not reported