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Correlational findings

Study Chiriboga (1989): study US 1969

Public:
People in transition, followed 4 years, metropolis, USA, 1969-1980
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 163
Non Response:
Attrition after 11 years 24%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Lengthy interviews

Correlate

Authors's label
Future happiness
Our Classification
Operationalization
Affect Balance Score (AFF 3.2)
8-item index of specific affects (Bradburn 1969), scored "never", "once", "several times" or "often" during the past week.

Assessed at:
- T1 (1969)
- T2 (1972)
- T3 (1974)
- T4 (1976)
- T5 (1980; 11 years interval)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-d r = +.38 p < .05 T1 happiness by T2 happiness
-T1 positive affect by T2 pos.affect r=+.53 (01)
-T1 negative affect by T2 neg.affect r=+.36 ns
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-d r = +.46 p < .05 T1 happiness by T3 happiness
-T1 positive affect by T3 pos.affect r=+.55 (01)
-T1 negative affect by T3 neg.affect r=+.34 ns   
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-d r = +.57 p < .01 T1 happiness by T4 happiness
-T1 positive affect by T4 pos.affect r=+.44 (05)
-T1 negative affect by T4 neg.affect r=+.50 (01)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-d r = +.04 ns T1 happiness by T5 happiness
-T1 positive affect by T5 pos.affect r=+.48 (01)
-T1 negative affect by T5 neg.affect r=+.01 ns


LOW STRESS GROUP (N=51)
        
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-d r = +.45 p < .01 T1 happiness by T2 happiness
-T1 positive affect by T2 pos.affect r=+.30 (05)
-T1 negative affect by T2 neg.affect r=+.39 (01)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-d r = +.37 p < .01 T1 happiness by T3 happiness
-T1 positive affect by T3 pos.affect r=+.52 (01)
-T1 negative affect by T3 neg.affect r=+.37 (01)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-d r = +.39 p < .01 T1 happiness by T4 happiness
-T1 positive affect by T4 pos.affect r=+.55 (01)
-T1 negative affect by T4 neg.affect r=+.48 (01)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-d r = +.26 p < .05 T1 happiness by T5 happiness
-T1 positive affect by T5 pos.affect r=+.36 (01)
-T1 negative affect by T4 neg.affect r=+.29 (05)

Stress measured by a 48-item list of burdening life events, similar to Holmes & Rahe(1967) and Horowitz(1976). Scores assessed at T3, T4 and T5 and added. Ss were then subdivided into groups with high stress (N=21) and low stress(N=51).