Correlational findings

Study Mollenkopf et al. (2004): study IT 2000

55+ aged, Italy, 2000
Survey name
N = 600
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Natural environment
Our Classification
Urban: M=2,1; SD=1,0; Rural: M= 2,5; SD=0,7; p<.001
Related specification variables
Sum score of recreational/national features of the living area including park/green areas, living in an area with greenery/at the edge of town, and clean environmental condition (range 0-3).
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Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta = ns Urban areas O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta = -.14 p < .05 Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 are shown.