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Correlational findings

Study Bjornskov (2014): study ZZ Europe 1975

Public:
14+ aged, 29 countries (EU member states and potential members), 1975-2011
Survey name:
EU-Eurobarometer combined waves
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 2000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Social trust
Our Classification
Operationalization
not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b b = +.36 p < .01 CHANGE AVERAGE happiness, by social trust in nations.
B controlled for:
- Happiness 1 year before (to caputure CHANGE)
- Log GDP per capita
- Stable country characteristics
  - Legal quality
  - Postcommunist
  - Openness economy
  - Government size
  - Investment price
  - Regulations
- Crisis (episodes  in which the year-to-year change in purchasing power adjusted GDP per capita is negative)

Random effects model
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b b = +.36 p < .01 B additionally controlled for:
- GDP growth rate (instead of Log GDP per capita)
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b b = +.36 p < .01 No significant change when B additionally controlled for interaction:
- Growth*crisis
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b b = +.33 p < .01 No significant change when B additionally controlled for interaction:
- Social trust*crisis
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b b = +.17 p < .01 CHANGE AVERAGE happiness, by interaction variable social trust*crisis in nation.

B controlled for:
- Happiness 1 year before (to caputure CHANGE)
- Social trust
- Crisis (episodes  in which the year-to-year change in purchasing power adjusted GDP per capita is negative)

Fixed effects model. Random effects: B = +.166 (.05)