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Correlational findings

Study Bjornskov (2014): study ZZ Europe 1975

Public:
14+ aged, 29 countries (EU member states and potential members), 1975-2011
Survey name:
EU-Eurobarometer combined waves
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 2000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
GDP growth rate
Our Classification
Operationalization
Annual growth rate adjusted for differences in purchasing power

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b b = +.55 p < .01 CHANGE AVERAGE happiness, by economic growth in nations.
B controlled for:
- Happiness 1 year before (to caputure CHANGE)
- Stable country characteristics
  - Legal quality
  - Social trust
  - Postcommunist
  - Openness economy
  - Government size
  - Investment price
  - Regulations
- Crisis (episodes  in which the year-to-year change in purchasing power adjusted GDP per capita is negative)

Fixed effects model. Random effects: B = +.31 (.1)
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b b = +.53 p < .01 B additionally controlled for interaction:
- Growth*crisis

Fixed effects model. Random effects: B = +.33 (.1)
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b b = +.15 ns CHANGE AVERAGE happiness, by interaction variable Growth*crisis in nations.
B controlled for:
- Happiness 1 year before (to caputure CHANGE)
- Growth rate
- Stable country characteristics
  - Legal quality
  - Social trust
  - Postcommunist
  - Openness economy
  - Government size
  - Investment price
  - Regulations
- Crisis (episodes  in which the year-to-year change in purchasing power adjusted GDP per capita is negative)

Fixed effects model. Random effects: B = +.10 (ns)