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Correlational findings

Study Bjornskov (2014): study ZZ Europe 1975

Public:
14+ aged, 29 countries (EU member states and potential members), 1975-2011
Survey name:
EU-Eurobarometer combined waves
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 2000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Lagged satisfaction
Our Classification
Operationalization
Average happiness in nation one year before

Crisis = episodes  in which the year-to-year change in purchasing power adjusted GDP per capita is negative

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b b = +.69 p < .01 CHANGE AVERAGE happiness in nations, by AVERAGE happiness in the previous year in nations.
B controlled for:
- Log GDP per capita
- Stable country characteristics
  - Legal quality
  - Social trust
  - Postcommunist
  - Openness economy
  - Government size
  - Investment price
  - Regulations
- Crisis (episodes  in which the year-to-year change in purchasing power adjusted GDP per capita is negative)

Random effects model. Fixed effects: B = +.31 (.01)
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b b = +.69 p < .01 No significant change when B additionally controlled for:
- GDP growth rate (instead of Log GDP per capita)
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b b = +.69 p < .01 No significant change B additionally controlled for interaction:
- Growth*crisis
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b b = +.70 p < .01 No significant change when B additionally controlled for interactions:
- Legal quality*crisis
- Social trust*crisis
- Government size*crisis
- Regulations*crisis
- Ideology*crisis