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Correlational findings

Study Walsh (2012): study ZZ EU 27 2004 /1

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 23 European nations, 2004
Survey name:
EU-Eurobarometer combined waves
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 196000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Institutional quality, absence of corruption, Clean
Our Classification
Operationalization
Index based on perception of business people and experts of corruption involving public officials, civil servants and politicians.
Clean: 0-10:
0 = highly corrupt
10 = very clean

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b b = +.09 p < .001 AVERAGE happiness by institutional quality (perceived absence of corruption) in 23 nations.

b (+0,0942) controlled for:
-Unemployment rate
-Inflation
-GDP per capita
(with Turkey, 232 observations in 2004-2011)
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b b = +.08 p < .001 b (+0,0806) additionally controlled for:
-Income-inequality (Gini)
(without Turkey, 196 observations in 2004-2010)