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Correlational findings

Study Sarracino (2008): study ZZ World samples 1990

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 39 nations, 1990-2001
Survey name:
WVS: combined waves
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 267870
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Social Contacts
Our Classification
Operationalization
Selfreport on time spend with ...
a: relatives
b: friends
c: colleagues
d: people at church
e: people at sport

Rated:
1 not at all
2 only a few times a year
3 once or twice a month
4 every week or nearly every week

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a OLRC = -.02 ns RELATIVES
Low income nations
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a OLRC = +.06 ns High income nations O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a OLRC = -.00 ns FRIENDS
Low income nations
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a OLRC = +.07 ns High income nations O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a OLRC = +.08 p < .01 COLLEAGUES
Low income nations
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a OLRC = +.07 p < .05 High income nations O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a OLRC = +.09 p < .01 PEOPLE AT CHURCH
Low income nations
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a OLRC = +.17 p < .01 High income nations O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a OLRC = -.03 ns PEOPLE AT SPORT
Low income nations
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a OLRC = +.07 p < .05 High income nations

OLRC's controlled for:
- socio-demographic aspects:
  - age
  - gender
  - education
  - employment
  - marital status
- wealth
  - income
  - subjective health
- relational goods
  - time spend in social contacts
  - memberships of voluntary organizations
- social capital
  - perceived freedom and control
  - trust in people
  - honesty
- positional goods
  - social class
  - income quintile