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Correlational findings

Study Sarracino (2008): study ZZ World samples 1990

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 39 nations, 1990-2001
Survey name:
INT-WVS: combined waves
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 267870
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Employment
Our Classification
Distribution
M=0.08, SD=0.27
Operationalization
1: unemployed
0: employed

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a OLRC = +.06 ns Low income nations O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a OLRC = -.24 ns High income nations

OLRC's controlled for:
- socio-demographic aspects:
  - age
  - gender
  - education
  - marital status
- wealth
  - income
  - subjective health
- relational goods
  - time spend in social contacts
  - memberships of voluntary organizations
- social capital
  - perceived freedom and control
  - trust in people
  - honesty
- positional goods
  - social class
  - income quintile

In regression with only socio-economic variables unemployment has a negative effect (-.08) on happiness in LICs, but still ns, while in HICs it has strong, negative and significant effect (-.44 , p<.01)