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Correlational findings

Study Helliwell et al. (2014): study US 2004

Public:
18+ aged general public, urban areas, USA, 2008-2011
Survey name:
INT-Gallup International
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 952433
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: telephone (CATI)

Correlate

Authors's label
Unemployed
Our Classification
Operationalization
1 unemployed
0 employed

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c b = -.70 p < .01 B controled for
- change in local employment
- individual characteristics
  - age
  - gender
  - education
  - marital status
  - ethnicity
  - household income (absolute)
  - incomebrackets (relative)
- regional characteristics
  - average household income
  - country population density
  - share of urban populstion
  - share of owner-occupied housing
  - share of minorities
  - longitude and latitude of country centres
- social capital
  - broad engagement
  - intimate engagement
- interaction between regional unemployment and social capital