Correlational findings

Study Nesterko et al. (2013): study DE 2006

16+ aged, general public, Germany, 2006
Survey name:
DE-SOEP 2006
N = 21079
Non Response:
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's label
Immigration background
Our Classification
All participants who have either migrated themselves (year of migration is reported) or their nationality is reported as non-German or another country of origin other than Germany was reported are classified as immigrants. The group of non-immigrants includes persons who reported Germany as the country of origin and have not migrated themselves and have had German citizenship since birth and indicated their parents as non-immigrants.

1: Immigration background
0: No immigration background

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d DMa = - Immigrants:   Ma=6.84 SD=0.04
Natives:      Ma=6.98 SD=0.02
- difference:   0.14
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d = 001 Ma and eta squared are adjusted for:
- gender
- age
- immigration background*gender
- immigration background*age group
- immigration background*gender*age group

Only significant interaction is with age group, suggesting that immigrants with lower age are relatively happy compared to young natives.