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Correlational findings

Study Koczan (2013a): study DE 1984 /1

Public:
16+ aged immigrants, Germany, followed 1-26 years, 1984-2010
Survey name:
DE-SOEP
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 3741
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
German literacy
Our Classification
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
What's the case with you personally: How well do you know  German?
a) Speaking
b) Writing
Scaled:
1 not at all
:
5 very well

Classified into:
a)
1: speaks German
0: does not speak German
b)
1: writes German
0: does not write German

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b = +.17 ns SPEAKING

CHANGE in happiness by CHANGE in German speaking ability.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b = +.06 ns WRITING

CHANGE in happiness by CHANGE in German writing ability.

B controlled for:
- Age
- Years of education
- Marital status
- Immigrant status
- Employed
- Works in occupation trained for
- House ownership
- Parental education
- Urban/rural childhood
- Health
- Identity
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b = +.22 p < .05 SPEAKING

CURRENT in happiness by CURRENT German speaking ability.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b = -.01 ns WRITING

CURRENT in happiness by CURRENT German writing ability.

B additionally controlled for:
- Gender
- Years since migration
- German citizenship