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Correlational findings

Study Senik (2011): study ZZ Europe 2002

Public:
15+ aged, general public, Europe, 13 EU nations, 2002-2009
Survey name:
EU-ESS 1-4: 2002-2010
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 64706
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Migration generation
Our Classification
Operationalization
1: Migrants
  a) First-generation
  b) Second-generation
  c) 2.5 generation (one non-native parent)
0: Non-migrants in host country (reference)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-n-11-a DM = - 1a)
       1st generation Natives difference
Belgium        7.42    7.74    -.32          
Switzerland    7.75    8.12    -.37            
Germany        7.03    7.32    -.29            
Denmark        8.11    8.34    -.23       
Spain          7.43    7.66    -.23       
Finland        8.04    8.03    +.01            
France         7.14    7.28    -.14         
UK             7.31    7.49    -.18            
Netherlands    7.51    7.80    -.29            
Norway         7.61    7.93    -.32           
Portugal       6.67    6.77    -.10         
Sweden         7.55    7.89    -.34            
Slovenia       7.11    7.21    -.10

In total       7.36    7.72    -.36
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-a DM = - 1b)
       2nd generation Natives difference
Belgium        7.33    7.74    -.41     
Switzerland    7.93    8.12    -.19      
Germany        7.16    7.32    -.16
Denmark        8.17    8.34    -.17            
Spain          8.16    7.66    +.50            
Finland        8.71    8.03    +.78            
France         7.37    7.28    +.09            
UK             6.99    7.49    -.50            
Netherlands    7.73    7.80    -.07            
Norway         8.00    7.93    +.07           
Portugal       6.84    6.77    +.07            
Sweden         7.68    7.89    -.21            
Slovenia       7.89    7.21    +.68

In total       7.52    7.62    -.10
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-a DM = - 1c)
       2.5 generation Natives difference
Belgium        7.62    7.74    -.12     
Switzerland    8.00    8.12    -.12      
Germany        7.03    7.32    -.29
Denmark        8.10    8.34    -.24            
Spain          7.62    7.66    -.04            
Finland        7.96    8.03    -.07            
France         7.37    7.28    +.09            
UK             7.38    7.49    -.09
Netherlands    7.66    7.80    -.12            
Norway         7.82    7.93    -.11           
Portugal       6.17    6.77    -.60            
Sweden         7.68    7.89    -.21            
Slovenia       7.32    7.21    +.11

In total       7.59    7.69    -.10
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-a b = -.17 p < .001 FIRST GENERATION MIGRANTS O-HL-u-sq-n-11-a b = -.19 p < .001 SECOND GENERATION MIGRANTS O-HL-u-sq-n-11-a b = -.07 p < .001 2.5 GENERATION

B's controlled for:
- Age and age squared
- Gender
- Log household income
- Marital status
- Being unemployed
- Region of origin
- Immigrant status*country of residence
- Survey year