Correlational findings

Study Gallup (2012b): study AF 2009

15+ aged, general public, Parts of the World, 2009-2011
Survey name
N =
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Migrants vs Natives
Our Classification
Happiness is assessed for four migration-streams: a) North-to-North migration b) South-to-North migration c) North-to-South migration d) South-to-South migration - North includes Northern America, Europe, Japan, Australia and New Zealand (a total of 56 countries). - South is composed of Africa, the Americas (without the United States and Canada), the Caribbean, Asia (except Japan), and Oceania (except Australia and New Zealand). - Using this definition, the ‘North’ does not include the OECD countries Chile, Israel, Mexico, the Republic of Korea, and Turkey, or high-income non-OECD countries such as Bahrain; Hong Kong, China; Puerto Rico; or the United Arab Emirates. Instead, several countries in Eastern Europe (such as Belarus, the Republic of Moldova, the Russian Federation and Ukraine) are considered part of the ‘North’.
1: Migrants
  a) ‘Newcomers’, migrants who moved to their destination country
      less than five years ago.
  b) ‘Long-timers’, migrants who have been living in their  
      current country for at least five years.
0: Non-migrants (natives in destination country)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a DMa = +/- NORTH-TO-NORTH MIGRATION (N=5.500):

Newcomers:    M=6.53   Long-timers: M=6.67
Native-born:  M=6.62   Native-born: M=6.62
- difference:   -.09                  +.05
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a DMa = - SOUTH-TO-NORTH MIGRATION (N=10.000):

Newcomers:    M=6.24   Long-timers: M=6.10
Native-born:  M=6.62   Native-born: M=6.62
- difference:   -.38                  -.52
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a DMa = + NORTH-TO-SOUTH MIGRATION (N=1.250):

Newcomers:    M=5.67   Long-timers: M=5.52
Native-born:  M=5.42   Native-born: M=5.42
- difference:   +.25                  +.10
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a DMa = - SOUTH-TO-SOUTH MIGRATION (N=8.250):

Newcomers:    M=5.38   Long-timers: M=5.20
Native-born:  M=5.42   Native-born: M=5.42
- difference:   -.04                  -.22
A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-o DMa = - Newcomers:    M=47.0   Long-timers: M=45.0
Native-born:  M=50.0   Native-born: M=50.0
- difference:   -3.0                  -5.0
A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-o DMa = - Newcomers:    M=37.0   Long-timers: M=39.5
Native-born:  M=50.0   Native-born: M=50.0
- difference:  -13.0                 -10.5
A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-o DMa = - Newcomers:    M=27.5   Long-timers: M=28.5
Native-born:  M=51.0   Native-born: M=51.0
- difference:  -23.5                 -22.5
A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-o DMa = - Newcomers:    M=36.0   Long-timers: M=44.5
Native-born:  M=51.0   Native-born: M=51.0
- difference:  -15.0                  -6.5

Means adjusted by:
- gender
- age
- education level