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Happiness Measures

Characteristics

Code:
A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-o
Focus:
Affect: Affect Balance (Various) (A-AB)
Time frame:
yesterday (yd)
Mode:
multiple questions (mq)
Scale Type:
verbal scale (v)
Scale Range:
2

Description

Selfreport on 11 questions

Did you experience the following feelings during A LOT OF THE DAY yesterday? How about..?
A  enjoyment
B  physical pain
C  worry
D  sadness
E  stress
F  anger
G depression

Did you yesterday..?
H feel well rested
I  smile and laugh a lot
J  learn or do something interesting
K were you treated with respect all day yesterday

Rated:
1: yes
0: no

Computation:
- Average % positive affect = (A+H)+I+J+K)/5
- Average % negative affect = (B+C+D+E+F+G)/6
- Affect Balance = Average % positive affect - Average % negative affect

These questions do not measure hedonic level of affect of individual persons adequately, since yesterday's mood does not always correspond with typical average mood. Yet these questions can be used for measuring hedonic level in agregates, such as nations, since individual variations balance out in big samples.

List of Studies Using this Measure

Study Population N Statistics Gallup (2012b): study AF 2012 15+ aged, general public, Parts of the World, 2009-2011 N = 466689
Gallup World View (2012): study AF 2011 15+ aged, general public, Afghanistan, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 29.000
Gallup World View (2012): study AL 2012 15+ aged general public Albania, 2012 N = 1029
Mean
= 37.500
Gallup World View (2012): study DZ 2011 15+ aged, general public, Algeria, 2011 N = 2000
Mean
= 38.370
Gallup World View (2012): study AO 2011 15+ aged general public Angola, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 36.730
Gallup World View (2012): study AR 2012 15+ aged general public Argentina, 2012 N = 998
Mean
= 43.200
Gallup World View (2012): study AM 2011 /1 15+ aged, general public, Armenia, 2011 N = 984
Mean
= 19.070
Gallup World View (2012): study AT 2011 /1 15+ aged, general public, Austria, 2011 N = 995
Mean
= 57.530
Gallup World View (2012): study AZ 2012 15+ aged general public Azerbaijan, 2012 N = 998
Mean
= 31.670
Gallup World View (2012): study BD 2012 /1 15+ aged general public Bangladesh, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 42.030
Gallup World View (2012): study BY 2012 15+ aged general public Belarus, 2012 N = 1012
Mean
= 36.730
Gallup World View (2012): study BE 2012 15+ aged general public Belgium, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 45.630
Gallup World View (2012): study BZ 2007 /1 15+ aged general public Belize, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 49.300
Gallup World View (2012): study BJ 2012 15+ aged general public Benin, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 40.270
Gallup World View (2012): study BO 2012 15+ aged general public Bolivia, 2012 N = 942
Mean
= 36.300
Gallup World View (2012): study BA 2012 15+ aged general public Bosnia Herzegovina, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 24.600
Gallup World View (2012): study BW 2011 /1 15+ aged, general public, Botswana, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.430
Gallup World View (2012): study BR 2011 /1 15+ aged, general public, Brazil, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 45.470
Gallup World View (2012): study BG 2011 /1 15+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 36.330
Gallup World View (2012): study BF 2013 15+ aged general public Burkina Faso, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 38.400
Gallup World View (2012): study BI 2011 15+ aged general public Burundi, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 48.270
Gallup World View (2012): study KH 2012 15+ aged general public Cambodia, 2012 N = 996
Mean
= 40.600
Gallup World View (2012): study CM 2013 15+ aged general public Cameroon, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 43.100
Gallup World View (2012): study CF 2011 /1 15+ aged general public Central African Republic, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 35.000
Gallup World View (2012): study TD 2011 /1 15+ aged, general public, Chad, 2011 N = 996
Mean
= 26.830
Gallup World View (2012): study CL 2012 15+ aged general public Chile, 2012 N = 1001
Mean
= 46.570
Gallup World View (2012): study CN 2012 /1 15+ aged general public China, 2012 N = 2000
Mean
= 55.900
Gallup World View (2012): study CO 2012 15+ aged general public Colombia, 2012 N = 994
Mean
= 54.570
Gallup World View (2012): study CG 2012 15+ aged general publc Congo (Brazzaville), 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 39.400
Gallup World View (2012): study CD 2012 15+ aged general public Congo (Knishas), 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 45.070
Gallup World View (2012): study CI 2009 15+ aged general public Côte d'Ivoire, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 46.670
Gallup World View (2012): study CR 2012 15+ aged general public Costa Rica, 2012 N = 0
Mean
= 56.930
Gallup World View (2012): study HR 2012 15+ aged general public Croatia, 2012 N = 940
Mean
= 32.500
Gallup World View (2012): study CU 2006 15+ aged general public Cuba, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 36.100
Gallup World View (2012): study DK 2012 15+ aged general public Denmark, 2012 N = 997
Mean
= 59.970
Gallup World View (2012): study DJ 2011 15+ aged general public Djibouti, 2011 N = 986
Mean
= 43.500
Gallup World View (2012): study DO 2012 15+ aged general public Dominican Republic, 2012 N = 989
Mean
= 45.100
Gallup World View (2012): study EC 2012 15+ aged general public Ecuador, 2012 N = 999
Mean
= 46.670
Gallup World View (2012): study EG 2012 15+ aged general public Egypt, 2012 N = 4178
Mean
= 21.230
Gallup World View (2012): study SV 2012 15+ aged general public El Salvador, 2012 N = 993
Mean
= 44.400
Gallup World View (2012): study EE 2012 15+ aged general public Estonia, 2012 N = 999
Mean
= 45.300
Gallup World View (2012): study FI 2012 15+ aged general public Finland, 2012 N = 998
Mean
= 53.700
Gallup World View (2012): study FR 2012 /1 15+ aged general public France, 2012 N = 1986
Mean
= 47.200
Gallup World View (2012): study GA 2012 15+ aged general public Gabon, 2012 N = 995
Mean
= 33.570
Gallup World View (2012): study GE 2012 15+ aged general public Georgia, 2012 N = 995
Mean
= 29.870
Gallup World View (2012): study DE 2012 15+ aged general public Germany, 2012 N = 13210
Mean
= 57.130
Gallup World View (2012): study GH 2012 /1 15+ aged general public Ghana, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.370
Gallup World View (2012): study GR 2012 15+ aged general public Greece, 2012 N = 995
Mean
= 29.100
Gallup World View (2012): study GT 2012 15+ aged general public Guatemala, 2012 N = 979
Mean
= 50.330
Gallup World View (2012): study GN 2012 15+ aged general public Guinea, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 43.570
Gallup World View (2012): study GY 2007 15+ aged general public Guyana, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 44.070
Gallup World View (2012): study HT 2012 15+ aged general public Haiti, 2012 N = 503
Mean
= 28.300
Gallup World View (2012): study HN 2012 15+ aged general public Honduras, 2012 N = 997
Mean
= 51.570
Gallup World View (2012): study HK 2012 15+ aged general public Hong Kong, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 47.230
Gallup World View (2012): study HU 2012 15+ aged general public Hungary, 2012 N = 1003
Mean
= 27.200
Gallup World View (2012): study IS 2012 15+ aged general public Iceland, 2012 N = 995
Mean
= 58.570
Gallup World View (2012): study IN 2012 /1 15+ aged general public India, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 31.100
Gallup World View (2012): study ID 2012 /1 15+ aged general public Indonesia, 2012 N = 2978
Mean
= 62.800
Gallup World View (2012): study IQ 2012 /1 15+ aged general public Iraq, 2012 N = 1988
Mean
= 1.930
Gallup World View (2012): study IE 2012 15+ aged general public Ireland, 2012 N = 997
Mean
= 51.600
Gallup World View (2012): study IL 2012 15+ aged general public Isreal, 2012 N = 993
Mean
= 34.130
Gallup World View (2012): study IT 2011 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 35.170
Gallup World View (2012): study JM 2011 15+ aged general public Jamaica, 2011 N = 491
Mean
= 52.670
Gallup World View (2012): study JP 2012 /1 15+ aged general public Japan, 2012 N = 1991
Mean
= 52.230
Gallup World View (2012): study JO 2011 15+ aged, general public, Jordan, 2011 N = 1996
Mean
= 21.870
Gallup World View (2012): study KZ 2012 15+ aged general public Kazakhstan, 2012 N = 969
Mean
= 47.700
Gallup World View (2012): study KE 2012 /1 15+ aged general public Kenya, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 52.700
Gallup World View (2012): study KR 2012 /1 15+ aged general public Korea (south), 2012 N = 1969
Mean
= 42.800
Gallup World View (2012): study KO 2012 15+ aged general public Kosovo, 2012 N = 1012
Mean
= 52.800
Gallup World View (2012): study KW 2012 15+ aged general public Kuwait, 2012 N = 997
Mean
= 68.430
Gallup World View (2012): study KG 2012 15+ aged general public Kyrgyzstan, 2012 N = 995
Mean
= 45.670
Gallup World View (2012): study LA 2012 15+ aged general public Laos, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 35.070
Gallup World View (2012): study LV 2012 15+ aged general public Latvia, 2012 N = 993
Mean
= 38.800
Gallup World View (2012): study LB 2012 /1 15+ aged general public Lebanon, 2012 N = 2010
Mean
= 20.630
Gallup World View (2012): study LR 2011 15+ aged general public Liberia, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 36.600
Gallup World View (2012): study LY 2012 /1 15+ aged general public Libya, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 35.800
Gallup World View (2012): study LT 2012 15+ aged general public Lithuania, 2012 N = 987
Mean
= 31.700
Gallup World View (2012): study LU 2012 15+ aged general public Luxembourg, 2012 N = 994
Mean
= 51.070
Gallup World View (2012): study MK 2012 15+ aged general public Macedonia, 2012 N = 1020
Mean
= 21.530
Gallup World View (2012): study MG 2013 15+ aged general public Madagascar, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 37.770
Gallup World View (2012): study MW 2012 15+ aged general public Malawi, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.170
Gallup World View (2012): study MY 2012 15+ aged general public Malaysia, 2012 N = 998
Mean
= 59.370
Gallup World View (2012): study ML 2012 15+ aged general public Mali, 2012 N = 999
Mean
= 59.700
Gallup World View (2012): study MT 2012 15+ aged general public Malta, 2012 N = 995
Mean
= 35.100
Gallup World View (2012): study MR 2012 /1 15+ aged general public Mauritania, 2012 N = 996
Mean
= 55.600
Gallup World View (2012): study MU 2011 15+ aged general public Mauritius, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 45.570
Gallup World View (2012): study MX 2012 /1 15+ aged general public Mexico, 2012 N = 1977
Mean
= 47.000
Gallup World View (2012): study MD 2012 15+ aged general public Moldova, 2012 N = 963
Mean
= 30.170
Gallup World View (2012): study MN 2012 15+ aged general public Mongolia, 2012 N = 993
Mean
= 42.670
Gallup World View (2012): study ME 2012 15+ aged general public Montenegro, 2012 N = 996
Mean
= 23.600
Gallup World View (2012): study MA 2012 /1 15+ aged general public Morocco, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 45.030
Gallup World View (2012): study MZ 2011 15+ aged general public Mozambique, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 44.430
Gallup World View (2012): study MM 2012 15+ aged general public Myanmar, 2012 N = 1016
Mean
= 39.730
Gallup World View (2012): study NA 2007 15+ aged general public Namibia, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 66.400
Gallup World View (2012): study NP 2012 /1 15+ aged general public Nepal, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 37.570
Gallup World View (2012): study NL 2012 15+ aged general public Netherlands, 2012 N = 999
Mean
= 57.400
Gallup World View (2012): study NZ 2013 15+ aged general public New Zealand, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 61.270
Gallup World View (2012): study NI 2012 15+ aged general public Nicaragua, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.000
Gallup World View (2012): study NE 2012 15+ aged general public Niger, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 49.030
Gallup World View (2012): study NG 2012 /1 15+ aged general public Nigeria, 2012 N = 1995
Mean
= 54.930
Gallup World View (2012): study NO 2012 15+ aged general public Norway, 2012 N = 994
Mean
= 56.930
Gallup World View (2012): study OM 2011 /1 15+ aged general public Oman, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 37.370
Gallup World View (2012): study PK 2012 /1 15+ aged general public Pakistan, 2012 N = 3006
Mean
= 29.000
Gallup World View (2012): study PS 2012 /1 15+ aged general public Palestina, 2012 N = 1994
Mean
= 24.600
Gallup World View (2012): study PA 2012 15+ aged general public Panama 2012 N = 999
Mean
= 62.370
Gallup World View (2012): study PY 2012 15+ aged general public Paraguay, 2012 N = 997
Mean
= 69.200
Gallup World View (2012): study PE 2012 15+ aged general public Peru , 2012 N = 993
Mean
= 36.570
Gallup World View (2012): study PH 2012 /1 15+ aged general public Philippines ,2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 45.030
Gallup World View (2012): study PL 2012 15+ aged general public Poland, 2012 N = 986
Mean
= 49.130
Gallup World View (2012): study PT 2012 15+ aged general public Portugal, 2012 N = 977
Mean
= 35.700
Gallup World View (2012): study PR 2006 15+ aged general public Puerto Rico, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 53.600
Gallup World View (2012): study RO 2012 15+ aged general public Romania, 2012 N = 986
Mean
= 27.700
Gallup World View (2012): study RU 2012 /1 15+ aged general public Russia, 2012 N = 2000
Mean
= 42.770
Gallup World View (2012): study RW 2012 15+ aged general public Rwanda , 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.570
Gallup World View (2012): study SA 2012 /1 15+ aged general public Saudi Arabia, 2012 N = 2111
Mean
= 49.470
Gallup World View (2012): study SN 2012 /1 15+ aged general public Senegal, 2012 N = 998
Mean
= 52.970
Gallup World View (2012): study RS 2012 15+ aged general public Serbia, 2012 N = 1017
Mean
= 19.930
Gallup World View (2012): study SL 2011 15+ aged general public Sierra Leone, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 22.270
Gallup World View (2012): study SG 2012 15+ aged general public Singapore, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 53.400
Gallup World View (2012): study SK 2012 15+ aged general public Slovakia, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 35.230
Gallup World View (2012): study SI 2012 15+ aged general public Slovenia, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 42.730
Gallup World View (2012): study ZA 2012 /1 15+ aged general public South-Africa, 2012 N = 1998
Mean
= 56.270
Gallup World View (2012): study ES 2012 /1 15+ aged general public Spain, 2012 N = 1999
Mean
= 40.630
Gallup World View (2012): study LK 2012 /1 15+ aged general public Sri Lanka, 2012 N = 2001
Mean
= 50.800
Gallup World View (2012): study SD 2012 15+ aged general public Sudan, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 29.430
Gallup World View (2012): study SR 2012 15+ aged general public Surinam, 2012 N = 490
Mean
= 52.770
Gallup World View (2012): study SE 2012 15+ aged general public Sweden, 2012 N = 997
Mean
= 62.100
Gallup World View (2012): study SY 2012 /1 15+ aged general public Syria, 2012 N = 2000
Mean
= 1.570
Gallup World View (2012): study CH 2012 15+ aged general public Switzerland, 2012 N = 997
Mean
= 61.530
Gallup World View (2012): study TW 2012 15+ aged general public Taiwan, 2012 N = 995
Mean
= 75.400
Gallup World View (2012): study TJ 2012 15+ aged general public Tajikistan, 2012 N = 995
Mean
= 45.700
Gallup World View (2012): study TZ 2012 15+ aged general public Tanzania, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 43.670
Gallup World View (2012): study TH 2012 /1 15+ aged general public Thailand, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 61.870
Gallup World View (2012): study TG 2011 15+ aged general public Togo, 2011 N = 999
Mean
= 19.300
Gallup World View (2012): study TT 2011 15+ aged general public Trinidad and Tobago, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 67.330
Gallup World View (2012): study TN 2012 15+ aged general public Tunisia, 2012 N = 2029
Mean
= 23.670
Gallup World View (2012): study TR 2012 /1 15+ aged general public, Turkey, 2012 N = 1997
Mean
= 27.130
Gallup World View (2012): study TM 2012 15+ aged general public Turkmenistan, 2012 N = 993
Mean
= 45.300
Gallup World View (2012): study UG 2012 15+ aged general public Uganda, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 44.800
Gallup World View (2012): study UA 2012 15+ aged general public Ukraine, 2012 N = 970
Mean
= 35.900
Gallup World View (2012): study AE 2012 15+ aged general public United Arab Emirates, 2012 N = 2010
Mean
= 51.700
Gallup World View (2012): study GB 2012 15+ aged general public United Kingdom, 2012 N = 13298
Mean
= 57.030
Gallup World View (2012): study US 2012 /1 15+ aged general public United States 2012 N = 2000
Mean
= 49.000
Gallup World View (2012): study UY 2012 15+ aged general public Uruguay, 2012 N = 994
Mean
= 52.430
Gallup World View (2012): study UZ 2012 15+ aged general public Uzbekistan, 2012 N = 992
Mean
= 61.070
Gallup World View (2012): study VE 2012 15+ aged general public Venezuela, 2012 N = 987
Mean
= 67.800
Gallup World View (2012): study VN 2012 15+ aged general public Vietnam, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 44.670
Gallup World View (2012): study YE 2012 /1 15+ aged general public Yemen, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 23.400
Gallup World View (2012): study ZM 2012 15+ aged general public Zambia, 2012 N = 997
Mean
= 46.730
Gallup World View (2012): study ZW 2013 15+ aged general public Zimbabwe, 2013 N = 994
Mean
= 45.430
Gallup (2008a): study AF 2006 /1 15+ aged, general public, Afghanistan, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 45.000
Gallup (2008a): study AF 2008 15+ aged, general public, Afghanistan, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 22.000
Gallup (2008a): study AL 2007 15+ aged, general public, Albania, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 32.000
Gallup (2008a): study AL 2008 15+ aged, general public, Albania, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 32.000
Gallup (2008a): study AR 2008 15+ aged, general public, Argentina, 2008 N = 995
Mean
= 47.000
Gallup (2008a): study AE 2006 15+ aged, general public, United Arab Emirates, 2006 N = 1008
Mean
= 47.000
Gallup (2008a): study AE 2009 15+ aged, general public, United Arab Emirates, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 49.000
Gallup (2008a): study AM 2008 15+ aged, general public, Armenia, 2008 N = 998
Mean
= 26.000
Gallup (2008a): study AO 2006 15+ aged, general public, urban areas, Angola, 2006 N = 974
Mean
= 37.000
Gallup (2008a): study AO 2008 15+ aged, general public, Angola, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 39.000
Gallup (2008a): study AT 2008 15+ aged, general public, Austria, 2008 N = 998
Mean
= 57.000
Gallup (2008a): study AU 2008 15+ aged, general public, Australia, 2008 N = 1005
Mean
= 52.000
Gallup (2008a): study AZ 2007 15+ aged, general public, Azerbaijan, 2007 N = 952
Mean
= 24.000
Gallup (2008a): study AZ 2008 15+ aged, general public, Azerbaijan, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 35.000
Gallup (2008a): study BA 2008 15+ aged, general public, Bosnia Herzegovina, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 36.000
Gallup (2008a): study BA 2007 15+ aged, general public, Bosnia Herzegovina, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 36.000
Gallup (2008a): study BD 2008 15+ aged, general public, Bangladesh, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 40.000
Gallup (2008a): study BE 2008 15+ aged, general public, Belgium, 2008 N = 988
Mean
= 50.000
Gallup (2008a): study BF 2008 15+ aged, general public, Burkina Faso, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 35.000
Gallup (2008a): study BG 2007 15+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 40.000
Gallup (2008a): study BI 2008 15+ aged, general public, Burundi, 2008 N = 998
Mean
= 29.000
Gallup (2008a): study BJ 2008 15+ aged, general public, Benin, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 37.000
Gallup (2008a): study BO 2008 15+ aged, general public, Bolivia, 2008 N = 990
Mean
= 41.000
Gallup (2008a): study BR 2007 15+ aged, general public, Brazil, 2007 N = 1038
Mean
= 54.000
Gallup (2008a): study BW 2008 15+ aged, general public, Botswana, 2008 N = 994
Mean
= 47.000
Gallup (2008a): study BY 2007 15+ aged, general public, Belarus, 2007 N = 1068
Mean
= 29.000
Gallup (2008a): study BY 2008 15+ aged, general public, Belarus, 2008 N = 1000
SD
= 27.000
Gallup (2008a): study BZ 2007 15+ aged, general public, Belize, 2007 N = 491
Mean
= 45.000
Gallup (2008a): study CA 2008 15+ aged, general public, Canada, 2008 N = 1002
Mean
= 60.000
Gallup (2008a): study CD 2007 15+ aged, general public, Congo (Kinshasa),, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 45.000
Gallup (2008a): study CF 2007 15+ aged, general public, Central African Republic, 2007 N = 995
Mean
= 39.000
Gallup (2008a): study CG 2008 15+ aged, general public, Congo (Brazzaville), 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 43.000
Gallup (2008a): study CH 2006 15+ aged, general public, Switzerland, 2006 N = 996
Mean
= 56.000
Gallup (2008a): study CL 2008 15+ aged, general public, Chile , 2008 N = 1106
Mean
= 44.000
Gallup (2008a): study CM 2008 15+ aged, general public, Cameroon, 2008 N = 997
Mean
= 36.000
Gallup (2008a): study CN 2007 15+ aged, general public, China, 2007 N = 4227
Mean
= 54.000
Gallup (2008a): study CN 2008 15+ aged, general public, China, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 58.000
Gallup (2008a): study CO 2008 15+ aged, general public, Colombia, 2008 N = 998
Mean
= 50.000
Gallup (2008a): study CR 2008 15+ aged, general public, Costa Rica, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 60.000
Gallup (2008a): study CU 2006 15+ aged, general public, urban areas, Cuba, 2006 N = 994
Mean
= 36.000
Gallup (2008a): study CY 2006 15+ aged, general public, Cyprus, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 43.000
Gallup (2008a): study CZ 2007 15+ aged, general public, Czech Republic, 2007 N = 1058
Mean
= 39.000
Gallup (2008a): study DE 2008 15+ aged, general public, Germany, 2008 N = 4012
Mean
= 46.000
Gallup (2008a): study DJ 2008 15+ aged, general public, Djibouti, 2008 N = 995
Mean
= 61.000
Gallup (2008a): study DK 2007 15+ aged, general public, Denmark, 2007 N = 1007
Mean
= 62.000
Gallup (2008a): study DO 2007 15+ aged, general public, Dominican Republic, 2007 N = 987
Mean
= 52.000
Gallup (2008a): study DO 2008 15+ aged, general public, Dominican Republic, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 38.000
Gallup (2008a): study DZ 2008 15+ aged, general public, Algeria, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 22.000
Gallup (2008a): study EC 2008 15+ aged, general public, Ecuador, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.000
Gallup (2008a): study EE 2008 15+ aged, general public, Estonia, 2008 N = 597
Mean
= 43.000
Gallup (2008a): study EG 2008 15+ aged, general public, Egypt, 2008 N = 1096
Mean
= 39.000
Gallup (2008a): study ES 2008 15+ aged, general public, Spain, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 48.000
Gallup (2008a): study ET 2007 15+ aged, general public, Ethiopia, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 10.000
Gallup (2008a): study FI 2008 15+ aged, general public, Finland, 2008 N = 998
Mean
= 57.000
Gallup (2008a): study FR 2008 15+ aged, general public, France, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 45.000
Gallup (2008a): study GB 2008 15+ aged, general public, United Kingdom, 2008 N = 990
Mean
= 51.000
Gallup (2008a): study GE 2008 15+ aged, general public, Georgia, 2008 N = 1077
Mean
= 22.000
Gallup (2008a): study GH 2008 15+ aged, general public, Ghana, 2008 N = 992
Mean
= 54.000
Gallup (2008a): study GN 2007 15+ aged, general public, Guinea, 2007 N = 974
Mean
= 50.000
Gallup (2008a): study GR 2007 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2007 N = 995
Mean
= 43.000
Gallup (2008a): study GT 2008 15+ aged, general public, Guatemala, 2008 N = 991
Mean
= 59.000
Gallup (2008a): study GY 2007 15+ aged, general public, Guyana, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 44.000
Gallup (2008a): study HN 2008 15+ aged, general public, Honduras, 2008 N = 992
Mean
= 56.000
Gallup (2008a): study HR 2007 15+ aged, general public, Croatia, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 34.000
Gallup (2008a): study HR 2008 15+ aged, general public, Croatia, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 34.000
Gallup (2008a): study HT 2008 15+ aged, general public, Haiti, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 29.000
Gallup (2008a): study HT 2006 15+ aged, general public, Haiti, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 26.000
Gallup (2008a): study HU 2007 15+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2007 N = 1005
Mean
= 37.000
Gallup (2008a): study ID 2008 15+ aged, general public, Indonesia, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.000
Gallup (2008a): study IE 2008 15+ aged, general public, Ireland, 2008 N = 998
Mean
= 62.000
Gallup (2008a): study IL 2007 15+ aged, general public, Israel, 2007 N = 982
Mean
= 36.000
Gallup (2008a): study IL 2008 15+ aged, general public, Israel, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 32.000
Gallup (2008a): study IN 2008 15+ aged, general public, India, 2008 N = 1943
Mean
= 33.000
Gallup (2008a): study IQ 2008 15+ aged, general public, Iraq, 2008 N = 982
Mean
= 14.000
Gallup (2008a): study IS 2008 15+ aged, general public, Iceland, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 66.000
Gallup (2008a): study IT 2008 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 2008 N = 992
Mean
= 39.000
Gallup (2008a): study JM 2006 /1 15+ aged, general public, Jamaica, 2006 N = 536
Mean
= 55.000
Gallup (2008a): study JO 2007 15+ aged, general public, Jordan, 2007 N = 1016
Mean
= 40.000
Gallup (2008a): study JO 2009 15+ aged, general public, Jordan, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 39.000
Gallup (2008a): study JP 2008 15+ aged, general public, Japan, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 51.000
Gallup (2008a): study KE 2008 15+ aged, general public, Kenya, 2008 N = 2192
Mean
= 62.000
Gallup (2008a): study KG 2008 15+ aged, general public, Kyrgyzstan, 2008 N = 994
Mean
= 49.000
Gallup (2008a): study KH 2008 15+ aged, general public, Cambodia, 2008 N = 1016
Mean
= 31.000
Gallup (2008a): study KO 2008 15+ aged, general public, Kosovo, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 34.000
Gallup (2008a): study KO 2007 15+ aged, general public, Kosovo, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 42.000
Gallup (2008a): study KR 2008 15+ aged, general public, Korea,(South), 2008 N = 994
Mean
= 33.000
Gallup (2008a): study KW 2006 15+ aged, general public, Kuwait, 2006 N = 970
Mean
= 61.000
Gallup (2008a): study KW 2009 15+ aged, general public, Kuwait, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 52.000
Gallup (2008a): study KZ 2007 15+ aged, general public, Kazakhstan, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 42.000
Gallup (2008a): study KZ 2008 15+ aged, general public, Kazakhstan, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 44.000
Gallup (2008a): study LA 2008 15+ aged, general public, Laos, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 49.000
Gallup (2008a): study LB 2008 15+ aged, general public, Lebanon, 2008 N = 999
Mean
= 22.000
Gallup (2008a): study LB 2009 15+ aged, general public, Lebanon, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 19.000
Gallup (2008a): study LK 2008 15+ aged, general public, Sri Lanka, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 45.000
Gallup (2008a): study LR 2008 15+ aged, general public, Liberia, 2008 N = 998
Mean
= 36.000
Gallup (2008a): study LT 2008 15+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2008 N = 500
Mean
= 27.000
Gallup (2008a): study LU 2009 15+ aged, general public, Luxembourg, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 50.000
Gallup (2008a): study LV 2008 15+ aged, general public, Latvia, 2008 N = 510
Mean
= 43.000
Gallup (2008a): study MA 2007 15+ aged, general public, Morocco, 2007 N = 1031
Mean
= 41.000
Gallup (2008a): study MA 2009 15+ aged, general public, Morocco, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.000
Gallup (2008a): study MD 2008 15+ aged, general public, Moldova, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 30.000
Gallup (2008a): study MD 2007 15+ aged, general public, Moldova, 2007 N = 980
Mean
= 27.000
Gallup (2008a): study ME 2007 15+ aged, general public, Montenegro, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 35.000
Gallup (2008a): study MG 2008 15+ aged, general public, Madagascar, 2008 N = 999
Mean
= 41.000
Gallup (2008a): study MK 2008 15+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 44.000
Gallup (2008a): study MK 2007 15+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 44.000
Gallup (2008a): study ML 2008 15+ aged, general public, Mali, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 61.000
Gallup (2008a): study MM 2006 15+ aged, general public, urban areas, Myanmar, 2006 N = 1047
Mean
= 43.000
Gallup (2008a): study MN 2007 15+ aged, general public, Mongolia, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 36.000
Gallup (2008a): study MR 2007 15+ aged, general public, Mauritania, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 56.000
Gallup (2008a): study MR 2009 15+ aged, general public, Mauritania, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 52.000
Gallup (2008a): study MT 2009 15+ aged, general public, Malta, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 38.000
Gallup (2008a): study MW 2007 15+ aged, general public, Malawi, 2007 N = 999
Mean
= 53.000
Gallup (2008a): study MX 2008 15+ aged, general public, Mexico, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 59.000
Gallup (2008a): study MY 2007 15+ aged, general public, Malaysia, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 53.000
Gallup (2008a): study MY 2008 15+ aged, general public, Malaysia, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 57.000
Gallup (2008a): study MZ 2007 15+ aged, general public, Mozambique, 2007 N = 985
Mean
= 41.000
Gallup (2008a): study MZ 2008 15+ aged, general public, Mozambique, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 43.000
Gallup (2008a): study NA 2007 15+ aged, general public, Namibia, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 66.000
Gallup (2008a): study NE 2008 15+ aged, general public, Niger, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 52.000
Gallup (2008a): study NG 2008 15+ aged, general public, Nigeria, 2008 N = 992
Mean
= 48.000
Gallup (2008a): study NI 2008 15+ aged, general public, Nicaragua, 2008 N = 997
Mean
= 52.000
Gallup (2008a): study NL 2008 15+ aged, general public, Netherlands, 2008 N = 997
Mean
= 57.000
Gallup (2008a): study NO 2008 15+ aged, general public, Norway, 2008 N = 993
Mean
= 59.000
Gallup (2008a): study NP 2008 15+ aged, general public, Nepal, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 50.000
Gallup (2008a): study NP 2007 15+ aged, general public, Nepal, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 38.000
Gallup (2008a): study NZ 2008 15+ aged, general public, New Zealand, 2008 N = 744
Mean
= 54.000
Gallup (2008a): study PA 2008 15+ aged, general public, Panama, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 65.000
Gallup (2008a): study PE 2008 15+ aged, general public, Peru, 2008 N = 991
Mean
= 40.000
Gallup (2008a): study PH 2008 15+ aged, general public, Philippines, 2008 N = 989
Mean
= 39.000
Gallup (2008a): study PK 2008 15+ aged, general public, Pakistan, 2008 N = 2461
Mean
= 30.000
Gallup (2008a): study PL 2007 15+ aged, general public, Poland, 2007 N = 982
Mean
= 48.000
Gallup (2008a): study PL 2009 15+ aged, general public, Poland, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 49.000
Gallup (2008a): study PR 2006 15+ aged, general public, Puerto Rico, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.000
Gallup (2008a): study PS 2008 15+ aged, general public, Palestina, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 20.000
Gallup (2008a): study PT 2008 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 44.000
Gallup (2008a): study PT 2006 /1 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2006 N = 963
Mean
= 40.000
Gallup (2008a): study PY 2008 15+ aged, general public, Paraguay, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 62.000
Gallup (2008a): study RO 2007 15+ aged, general public, Romania, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 33.000
Gallup (2008a): study RS 2008 15+ aged, general public, Serbia, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 44.000
Gallup (2008a): study RU 2008 15+ aged, general public, Russia, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 44.000
Gallup (2008a): study RW 2008 15+ aged, general public, Rwanda, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 44.000
Gallup (2008a): study SA 2008 15+ aged, general public, Saudi Arabia, 2008 N = 1145
Mean
= 44.000
Gallup (2008a): study SA 2009 15+ aged, general public, Saudi Arabia, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 41.000
Gallup (2008a): study SD 2008 15+ aged, general public, Sudan, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.000
Gallup (2008a): study SD 2009 15+ aged, general public, Sudan, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 43.000
Gallup (2008a): study SE 2008 15+ aged, general public, Sweden, 2008 N = 996
Mean
= 61.000
Gallup (2008a): study SG 2008 15+ aged, general public, Singapore, 2008 N = 998
Mean
= 42.000
Gallup (2008a): study SI 2006 /1 15+ aged, general public, Slovenia, 2006 N = 1008
Mean
= 44.000
Gallup (2008a): study SK 2006 /1 15+ aged, general public, Slovakia, 2006 N = 1008
Mean
= 34.000
Gallup (2008a): study SL 2008 15+ aged, general public, Sierra Leone, 2008 N = 999
Mean
= 27.000
Gallup (2008a): study SN 2008 15+ aged, general public, Senegal, 2008 N = 998
Mean
= 49.000
Gallup (2008a): study SV 2008 15+ aged, general public, El Salvador, 2008 N = 995
Mean
= 60.000
Gallup (2008a): study TD 2007 15+ aged, general public, Chad, 2007 N = 982
Mean
= 38.000
Gallup (2008a): study TD 2008 15+ aged, general public, Chad, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 43.000
Gallup (2008a): study TG 2006 /1 15+ aged, general public, Togo, 2006 N = 999
Mean
= 35.000
Gallup (2008a): study TH 2007 15+ aged, general public, Thailand, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 57.000
Gallup (2008a): study TH 2008 15+ aged, general public, Thailand, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 59.000
Gallup (2008a): study TJ 2008 15+ aged, general public, Tajikistan, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 35.000
Gallup (2008a): study TJ 2007 15+ aged, general public, Tajikistan, 2007 N = 996
Mean
= 46.000
Gallup (2008a): study TN 2008 15+ aged, general public, Tunisia, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 32.000
Gallup (2008a): study TN 2009 15+ aged, general public, Tunisia, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 39.000
Gallup (2008a): study TR 2008 15+ aged, general public, Turkey, 2008 N = 994
Mean
= 28.000
Gallup (2008a): study TW 2008 15+ aged, general public, Taiwan, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 52.000
Gallup (2008a): study TW 2006 /1 15+ aged, general public, Taiwan, 2006 N = 1000
Gallup (2008a): study TZ 2008 15+ aged, general public, Tanzania, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 48.000
Gallup (2008a): study TZ 2007 15+ aged, general public, Tanzania, 2007 N = 994
Mean
= 43.000
Gallup (2008a): study UA 2008 15+ aged, general public, Ukraine, 2008 N = 1040
Mean
= 37.000
Gallup (2008a): study UG 2008 15+ aged, general public, Uganda, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 37.000
Gallup (2008a): study US 2008 15+ aged, general public, United States, 2008 N = 1002
Mean
= 54.000
Gallup (2008a): study UY 2008 15+ aged, general public, Uruguay, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 49.000
Gallup (2008a): study UZ 2008 15+ aged, general public, Uzbekistan, 2008 N = 960
Mean
= 54.000
Gallup (2008a): study VE 2008 15+ aged, general public, Venezuela, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 63.000
Gallup (2008a): study VE 2006 /1 15+ aged, general public, Venezuela, 2006 N = 992
Mean
= 65.000
Gallup (2008a): study VN 2008 15+ aged, general public, Viet Nam, 2008 N = 990
Mean
= 49.000
Gallup (2008a): study YE 2009 15+ aged, general public, Yemen, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 24.000
Gallup (2008a): study YE 2007 15+ aged, general public, Yemen, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 28.000
Gallup (2008a): study ZA 2008 15+ aged, general public, South Africa, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 52.000
Gallup (2008a): study ZA 2007 15+ aged, general public, South Africa, 2007 N = 961
Mean
= 50.000
Gallup (2008a): study ZM 2008 15+ aged, general public, Zambia, 2008 N = 999
Mean
= 54.000
Gallup (2008a): study ZW 2008 15+ aged, general public, Zimbabwe, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 35.000