Correlational findings

Study Dittmann & Goebel (2010): study DE 2004

17+ aged, general public, Germany, 2004
Survey name:
DE-SOEP 2004
N = 22012
Non Response:
Multiple asesment methods
Face-to-face interviews and statistical data on neighbourhoods


Authors's label
Relative status compared to others in neighbourhood
Our Classification
2006-data of the Micromarketing-Systeme and Consult GmbH (microm) are used to determine neighbourhood size. Life satisfaction and household income measures are derived from SOEP 2004.
The difference between equalized household income from the previous year, recoded to cover nine quantiles, and the neighbourhood status, which also describes nine quantiles and is based on neighbourhood characteristics as:
- level of occupation
- rate of self-employment
- purchasing power
- registered car

Rescaled to:
- Positive
- No difference
- Negative

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Special Research Type Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d DM = +.66 none POSITIVE (versus no difference) O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d DM = -.64 none NEGATIVE (versus no difference) O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b = +.05 p < .01 none POSITIVE (versus no difference)
In West-Germany
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b = -.03 ns none In East-Germany O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b = -.02 ns none NEGATIVE (versus no difference)
In West-Germany
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b = -.06 p < .05 none In East-Germany

B's controlled for:
- neighbourhood characteristics
  a) perceived local safety
  b) urbanization
  c) social contact with neighbours
  d) rate of removal
  e) neighbourhood status
- personal characteristics
  a) openness
  b) conscientiousness
  c) extraversion
  d) agreeableness
  e) neuroticism
  f) external locus of control
  g) internal locus of control
  h) gender
  i) nationality
  j) age and age squared
  k) household income
  l) education
  m) marital status
  n) mental health
  o) physical health
  p) having children

East-Germany is the former communist German Democratic Republic, which was reunited in 1990 with West-Germany.