Correlational findings

Study Moriwaki (1973): study US 1971

60+ aged, retirees, Los Angeles County, USA, 1971
N = 71
Non Response:
Interview: face-to-face
Structured interview


Authors's label
Supported self- disclosure
Our Classification
Number of important life areas for which support for self-disclosure from significant others is perceived. Those persons one considers to be close and with whom one can feel free and talk about personal things were considered as 'significant others'.

Measurement by means of Supported Self-
Disclosure Index (see Jourard & Lasakow, 1958), modified to include 38 content areas of concern to the elderly, including changes in social relations with age, status and role changes, bodily changes, self-feelings, financial and material problems, and health problems.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a r = +.17 ns L-shaped curve: Stronger positive among those reporting lower self-disclosure.

When controlled for age       : rpc = +.08 (ns)
When controlled for role loss : rpc = +.17
- Low role loss               : r   = +.36 (01)
- Very high role loss         : r   = -.23 (ns)