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Correlational findings

Study Senik (2011): study ZZ Europe 2002 /1

Public:
15+ aged general public, 13 EU nations, 2002-2009
Survey name:
EU-ESS 1-4: 2002-2010
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 65371
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
France
Our Classification
Operationalization
1: Living in France
0: Grand mean happiness of 13 other EU countries:
    a)  Belgium
    b)  Switzerland
    c)  Germany
    d)  Denmark
    e)  Spain
    f)  Finland
    g)  France
    h)  Great-Britain
    i)  Netherlands
    j)  Norway
    k)  Portugal
    l)  Sweden
    m)  Slovenia

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-n-11-a b = -.27 p < .001 B controlled for:
- Immigrants status
- Age and age squared
- Gender
- Household income
- Marital status
- Being unemployed
- Region of origin
- Country of residence
- Survey year
- Immigrant status*France

Unaffected by additional controls:
- GDP growth per year
- Unemployment rate
- Inflation
- GDP (per capita)
- Hours worked
- Life expectancy at birth

Interactions suggest that people in France relatively get happier than in the other 12 countries of having above average income, of being young, and of being male.