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Correlational findings

Study Easterlin & Plagnol (2008): study DE 1984

Public:
16-65 aged general public, Germany, followed 1-21 years, 1984-2004
Survey name:
DE-SOEP
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 294528
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Foreigners
Our Classification
Remarks
East-Germany entails the area of the former Deutsche Demokratische Republik (DDR). West-Germany entails the former Bundes Republik Deutschland (BDR). They were reunited in 1990 into Germany. N represents number of happiness-assesments, not the number of people interviewed. Immigrants comprise 10% of the West-German population and 1% of the East-German population. Immigrants' happiness is aggregated over both regions. The sample of West-Germans is a bit more than 4 times as big as the sample of East-Germans. Furthermore, the percentage of immigrants in West-Europe is 10 times larger than in East-Germany. Hence, for every immigrant in East-Germany included in the sample of foreigners, there are 40 immigrants in West-Germany included. To assess the gap between natives and immigrants, best practice would be to compare immigrants to West-German natives.
Operationalization
a) Turkish immigrants        (N=15.520)
b) Other European immigrants (N=24.930)
c) East-German natives       (N=48.668)
d) West-German natives       (N=205.410)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d AoV = + p < .01 Turkish immigrants: M=6.70 SD=2.04 CI:6.67-6.73
East-German natives:M=6.32 SD=1.84 CI:6.30-6.34
- difference:         0.38
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d AoV = - p < .01 Turkish immigrants: M=6.70 SD=2.04 CI:6.67-6.73
West-German natives:M=7.08 SD=1.89 CI:7.07-7.09
- difference:         0.38
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d AoV = - p < .01 Turkish immigrants: M=6.70 SD=2.04 CI:6.67-6.73
European immigrants:M=7.03 SD=1.93 CI:7.01-7.05
- difference:         0.33
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d AoV = + p < .01 European immigrants:M=7.03 SD=1.93 CI:7.01-7.05
East-German natives:M=6.32 SD=1.84 CI:6.30-6.34
- difference:         0.71
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d AoV = - p < .05 European immigrants:M=7.03 SD=1.93 CI:7.01-7.05
West-German natives:M=7.08 SD=1.89 CI:7.07-7.09
- difference:         0.05

Note: The small negative difference is likely to be driven by the fact that a small portion (about 1/40) of the European immigrants lived in the 'unhappier' East-Germany. Therefore, it would be better to conclude that there is no convincing difference.