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Correlational findings

Study Koczan (2013a): study DE 1984

Public:
16+ aged general public, Germany, followed 1-26 years, 1984-2010
Survey name:
DE-SOEP
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 71779
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Neighbourhood
Our Classification
Operationalization
A) Subjective assessment
Self-report  on single question:
Are there any foreign families or families who have moved here from abroad living in this area?
a) yes, many
b) yes, a few
c) no

Reclassified into:
1: Yes, many
0: few/no

B) Two objective measures:
a) On the 'house' level (resulting in groups of 5 households, or more households when living in a big buidling). A 1-9 scale for ethnic structure of neighbourhood ', which was constructed so that roughly 10% of the population falls into each category.
b) On the postcode-level measured by the fraction of foreigners living in each postcode.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b = -.28 p < .01 SUBJECTIVE

CURRENT happiness by CURRENT ethnic diversity in neighbourhood

Control variables not reported.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b = +.01 ns CHANGE in happiness by CHANGE in ethnic diversity neighbourhood O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b = -.18 ns CURRENT happiness by CURRENT ethnic diversity in neighbourhood

Control variables not reported, but B is additionally controlled for:
- housing quality.

Linear regression
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b = -.03 ns OBJECTIVE ON HOUSE-LEVEL

CURRENT happiness by CURRENT ethnic diversity in neighbourhood
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b = +.06 ns CHANGE in happiness by CHANGE in ethnic diversity neighbourhood O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b = +.00 ns OBJECTIVE ON POSTCODE-LEVEL

CURRENT happiness by CURRENT ethnic diversity in neighbourhood