Correlational findings

Study Chen (2013): study CN 2009

18+ aged general public, China, 2009
Survey name
CN-National Household Survey China
N = 2733
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Perceived Discrimination
Our Classification
a: M=1.67 , b: M= 1.38
Self-report, 6 items:
"In your day-to-day life, how often have any of the following circumstances happened to you? Would you say never, seldom, sometimes, often, or very often?"
a) You encounter more difficulties in finding jobs than others.
b) You or your family members encounter more difficulties in receiving medical treatment than others when  you are sick.
c) You or your children encounter more difficulties in attending local schools than others.
d) People act as if they don't want to get close to you.
e) You are treated with less courtesy than other people.
f) You are called names or insulted.

1: Never
2: Seldom
3: Sometimes
4: Often
5: Very often

First three items measure institutional discrimination (A), the latter three measure interpersonal discrimination (B).

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-a b = -.29 p < .05 INSTITUTIONAL DISCRIMINATION
Urban residents         (N=983)
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-a b = -.16 p < .10 Rural residents         (N=1195) O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-a b = -.17 ns Rural-to-urban migrants (N=555) O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-a b = +.05 NS INTERPERSONAL DISCRIMINATION
Urban residents (N=983)
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-a b = -.21 NS Rural residents (N=1195) O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-a b = -.40 p < .10 Rural-to-urban migrants (N=555)

B's controlled for:
- age
- gender
- marital status
- ethnic minority
- education
- employment