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Correlational findings

Study Senik (2011): study ZZ Europe 2002

Public:
15+ aged, general public, Europe, 13 EU nations, 2002-2009
Survey name:
EU-ESS 1-4: 2002-2010
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 64706
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Country of residence
Our Classification
Operationalization
1: Country of residence
   a) natives
   b) first generation immigrants
   c) second generation immigrants
   d) Persons with 1 non-native parent (2.5  
      generation)
0: Grand mean of all 13 countries

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-n-11-a b = +/- BELGIUM:        B= +.07 (.001)
SWITZERLAND:    B= +.18 (.001)
GERMANY:        B= -.43 (.001)
DENMARK:        B= +.57 (.001)
SPAIN:          B= +.08 (.001)
FINLAND:        B= +.42 (.001)
FRANCE:         B= -.23 (.001)
GREAT-BRITAIN:  B= -.28 (.001)
NETHERLANDS:    B= +.09 (.001)
NORWAY:         B= +.10 (.001)
PORTUGAL:       B= -.59 (.001)
SWEDEN:         B= +.20 (.001)
SLOVENIA:       B= -.19 (.001)

B's controlled for:
- Gender
- Age and age squared
- Household income
- Marital status
- Being unemployed
- Survey year
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-a b = +/- HAPPINESS BY GROUP

BELGIUM:
a) natives     B= +.08 (.001)
b) 1st gen.    B= -.08 (ns)
c) 2nd gen.    B= -.29 (.001)
d) 2.5 gen     B= -.04 (.001)
SWITZERLAND:    
a) natives     B= +.24 (.001)
b) 1st gen.    B= -.24 (.001)
c) 2nd gen.    B= -.33 (.001)
d) 2.5 gen     B= -.10 (.001)
GERMANY:        
a) natives     B= -.39 (.001)
b) 1st gen.    B= +.05 (.01)
c) 2nd gen.    B= -.16 (.001)
d) 2.5 gen     B= -.09 (.001)
DENMARK:        
a) natives     B= +.58 (.001)
b) 1st gen.    B= +.07 (.001)
c) 2nd gen.    B= -.18 (.001)
d) 2.5 gen     B= -.19 (.001)
SPAIN:          
a) natives     B= +.08 (.001)
b) 1st gen.    B= -.00 (ns)
c) 2nd gen.    B= +.51 (.001)
d) 2.5 gen     B= -.09 (.001)
FINLAND:        
a) natives     B= +.40 (.001)
b) 1st gen.    B= -.07 (.001)
c) 2nd gen.    B= +.44 (.001)
d) 2.5 gen     B= -.06 (.001)
FRANCE:         
a) natives     B= -.26 (.001)
b) 1st gen.    B= +.20 (.001)
c) 2nd gen.    B= +.11 (.001)
d) 2.5 gen     B= +.21 (.001)
GREAT-BRITAIN:  
a) natives     B= -.24 (.001)
b) 1st gen.    B= +.03 (ns)
c) 2nd gen.    B= -.51 (.001)
d) 2.5 gen     B= -.01 (ns)
NETHERLANDS:   
a) natives     B= +.07 (.001)
b) 1st gen.    B= +.14 (.001)
c) 2nd gen.    B= -.02 (ns)
d) 2.5 gen     B= -.04 (.001)
NORWAY:         
a) natives     B= +.12 (.001)
b) 1st gen.    B= -.09 (.001)
c) 2nd gen.    B= -.11 (.001)
d) 2.5 gen     B= -.09 (.001)
PORTUGAL:       
a) natives     B= -.66 (.001)
b) 1st gen.    B= +.15 (.001)
c) 2nd gen.    B= +.09 (ns)
d) 2.5 gen     B= +.46 (.001)
SWEDEN:         
a) natives     B= +.23 (.001)
b) 1st gen.    B= -.12 (.001)
c) 2nd gen.    B= -.09 (.001)
d) 2.5 gen     B= -.14 (.001)
SLOVENIA:       
a) natives     B= -.25 (.001)
b) 1st gen.    B= -.04 (ns)
c) 2nd gen.    B= +.55 (.001)
d) 2.5 gen     B= +.19 (.001)

B additionally controlled for:
- Region of origin