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Correlational findings

Study Bartram (2013b): study ZZ Europe 2002

Public:
15+ aged general public, Europe, 2002-2011
Survey name:
EU-ESS 1-5: 2002-2012
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 56395
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Education
Our Classification
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
What is the highest level of education you have achieved?
1) Primary only
2) Lower Secondary
3) Upper Secondary
4) Vocational
5) Tertiary

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-n-11-a b = -.12 p < .000 LOWER SECONDARY     (vs primary) O-HL-u-sq-n-11-a b = -.17 p < .000 UPPER SECONDARY     (vs primary) O-HL-u-sq-n-11-a b = -.06 ns VOCATIONAL          (vs primary) O-HL-u-sq-n-11-a b = -.13 p < .000 TERTIARY            (vs primary)

B controlled for:
- Income
- Age
- Age^2/100
- Gender
- Religiosity
- Partner
- Unemployed
- Retired
- Friends
- Health
- Immigrant status
- Survey round