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Correlational findings

Study Bartram (2013b): study ZZ Europe 2002

Public:
15+ aged general public, Europe, 2002-2011
Survey name:
EU-ESS 1-5: 2002-2012
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 56395
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
North-to-South Migration
Our Classification
Operationalization
Classified by counrty of birth:
1: Migrants: Born in Northern Europe (Belgium, France, Netherlands, Switzerland, Germany, and Britain) who currently reside in Southern Europe (Cyprus, Greece, Portugal, and Spain).
0: compared to stayers (of same age, gender, and education (including that of parents).

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-n-11-a DM = Migrants:         M= 7.30
Matched Stayers:  M= 7.51
Difference:       D= -.21
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-a b = -.32 p < .011 B controlled for:
- Income
- Age
- Age^2/100
- Gender
- Religiosity
- Partner
- Unemployed
- Retired
- Friends
- Health
- Education
- Survey round