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Correlational findings

Study Bartram (2013): study ZZ Europe 2008

Public:
15+ aged general public, Europe, 2008-2011
Survey name:
EU-ESS 4-5: 2008-2010
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 42380
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Education
Our Classification
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
What is the highest level of education you
have achieved?
1) Primary
2) Lower secondary
3) Upper secondary
4) Vocational
5) Tertiary

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-n-11-a Beta = +.08 p < .000 TERTIARY         (vs primary) O-HL-u-sq-n-11-a Beta = +.02 ns LOWER SECONDARY  (vs primary) O-HL-u-sq-n-11-a Beta = +.06 p < .002 UPPER SECONDARY  (vs primary) O-HL-u-sq-n-11-a Beta = +.03 p < .007 VOCATIONAL       (vs primary)

Beta's controlled for:
- Immigrant status
- Age
- Age^2/100
- Religion
- Gender
- Partner
- Employment
- Friends
- Health
- Education
- Survey round