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Correlational findings

Study Goldsmith & Campos (1990): study US Denver, Colorado

Public:
9 months aged, infants, Denver, United States, 198?
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 168
Non Response:
Assessment:
Behavioural observation
Twins were assessed with the other twin present in room. Mother & father completed Infant Behavior Questionnaire (IBQ) independently from one another at home.

Correlate

Authors's label
Activity level
Our Classification
Remarks
Part of Rothbart Infant Behavior Questionnaire (IBQ), Same rating scale as the "Smiling and Laughter" measure of happiness
Distribution
paternal data: N=128;   maternal data: N=143
Operationalization
Mother's & father's reports on child's gross motor activity, including
-  movement of arms and legs
- squirming
- locomotor activity

Each rated:
1  never
2  very rarely
3  less than half the time
4  about half the time
5  more than half the time
6  almost always
7  always

Full list of situations not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-CA-cw-rdf-v-7-a mr = +.15 paternal report: r=+.25
maternal report: r=+.05