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Correlational findings

Study Goldsmith & Campos (1990): study US Denver, Colorado

Public:
9 months aged, infants, Denver, United States, 198?
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 168
Non Response:
Assessment:
Behavioural observation
Twins were assessed with the other twin present in room. Mother & father completed Infant Behavior Questionnaire (IBQ) independently from one another at home.

Correlate

Authors's label
Duration of Orienting
Our Classification
Remarks
Part of Rothbart Infant Behavior Questionnaire (IBQ), Same rating scale as the "Smiling and Laughter" measure of happiness
Operationalization
Mother's & father's reports on child's vocalization, looking at, and/or interaction with a single object for extended periods of time when there has been no sudden change in stimulation

Each rated:
1  never
2  very rarely
3  less than half the time
4  about half the time
5  more than half the time
6  almost always
7  always

Full list of stimuli not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-CA-cw-rdf-v-7-a mr = +.36 paternal report: r=+.41
maternal report: r=+.31