Correlational findings

Study Graney (1973): study US 1967

62-89 aged females, followed 4 years USA, 1967-71
N = 44
Non Response:
27%; 24% unattainable, 3% incomplete.
Interview: face-to-face
Sructured interview at home.


Authors's label
Cosmopolitan orientation towards social participation
Our Classification
5-item index (agree / disagree):
1. belonging to local clubs is more re-
   warding than to large nation-wide    organizateions;
2. national and international events    are less interesting than things    that happen in the local community;
3. a person from a well-established    family usually is a better choice    for a responsible job than a capable
   newcomer to the community;
4. big cities are all right, but the    local community is the backbone of
5. I have a greater respect for an    established local man than for a    famous outsider. (adapted Dye    Localism - Cosmopolitan Scale; see    Dye, 1963). Ss classified as    normatively: local / intermediate /
Assessed at T2.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a tb = -.08 ns At T1 all Ss were in good health, able to care for themselves and lived alone.

% happy at T2:
-local         41%
-intermediate  13%
-cosmopolitan  36%