Correlational findings

Study Okulicz-Kozaryn (2011): study ZZ 1999

18+ aged, general public, 70 nations, 1999-2008
Survey name:
WorldValuesSurv 1-5
N = 21486
Non Response:
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's label
religious fractionalization
Our Classification
Fractionalization is measured by the probability that two randomly drawn individuals from the population belong to two different religious groups: it equals one if everybody belongs to
different group and it equals zero if everybody belongs to the same group.
Fractionalisation measures the degree to which religious groups are fragmented in a
country – the higher the value of an index the more religious groups in a country

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = -2.5 p < .001 B controlled for:
- Religion
   -Belong to religious organization
   -Religion important in life
   -Believe in God
   -God important in life
   -Attend religious services
   -Belong to religious denomination
-institutional quality index (KKZ)
-Gross Domestic Product (GDP)