- College students, University of Rochester, USA, 196?
- N = 952
- Non Response:
- 30% (take home questionnaire).
Questionnaires completed in c lass and at home
- Authors's label
- Psycho-social development
- Our Classification
- 60-item inventory describing characte- ristics indicative of successful and unsuccessful resolutions of the first six developmental crises of Erikson's stages of psycho-social development (adapted from Wessman & Ricks; see last pages).
1a. Successful first stage: basic trust
1b. Unsuccessful firit stage: basic
2a. Successful second stage: autonomy.
2b. Unsuccessful second stage: shame
3a. Successful third stage: initiative.
3b. Unsuccessful third stage: guilt.
4a. Successful fourth stage: industry.
4b. Unsuccessful fourth stage:
5a. Successful fifth stage: identity.
5b. Unsuccessful fifth stage: identity
6a. Successful sixth stage: intimacy.
6b. Unsuccessful sixth stage: isolation
Observed Relation with Happiness
In senior years stronger among females.
Slightly positive among females.
Unaffected by stage of study.
Among females strongest in senior years and lowest in junior years.
Among females stronger in senior years.