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Correlational findings

Study Constantinople (1965): study US 1965

Public:
College students, University of Rochester, USA, 196?
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 952
Non Response:
30% (take home questionnaire).
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Questionnaires completed in c lass and at home

Correlate

Authors's label
Attitude toward college
Our Classification
Operationalization
Product score of the subjective relevance of the goal mentioned and perceived instrumentality of the University of Rochester for the attainment of that goal; as assessed by a 14-item inventory of important goals (Perceived Instrumentality of College Test).
                          
                          
1. Learning how to learn from books and    teachers.
                
              
               
2. Acquiring an appreciation of ideas.
                
                         
                             
                       
3. Establishing own personal, social      and academic values.
                  
                 
                         
4. Developing relationships with the      opposite sex.
                    
                      
                      
5. Contributing in a distinguished,
   meaningful manner to some campus      group.
                        
                      
6. Developing the ability to get along
   with different kinds of people.
               
                       
                     
7. Becoming self-confident.
                 
                     
                     
                     
8. Personal independence.
                
                   
                  
                   
9. Finding a spouse.
             
               
                 
                  
10. Achieving academic distinction.
              
               
                
              
11. Having many good friends.
             
                
           
             
12. Discovering own strong points and      limitations.
             
                
                     
13. Preparing for a career which begins
    right after graduation.
                 
                
                
14. Preparing for a career which        requires further study beyond the
    B.A. or B.S.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-a DM = + Analysis on the basis of data from the 16 most happy and 16 least happy freshman and junior males and females who returned the second questionnaire.

Strongest among freshman males (01).
Lowests among junior females (ns).
Significant among junior males and freshman females (05).
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-a r = + freshman males  : r=+.29 (05)
freshman females: r=+.07 (ns)
junior males    : r=+.16 (ns)
junior females  : r=+.00 (ns)
                             
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-a r = + freshman males  : r=+.25 (05)
freshman females: r=+.25 (05)
junior males    : r=+.05 (ns)
junior females  : r=+.02 (ns)
                      
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-a r = + freshman males  : r=+.15 (ns)
freshman females: r=+.44 (05)
junior males    : r=+.31 (05)
junior females  : r=+.17 (ns)
                    
                      
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-a r = + freshman males  : r=+.29 (05)
freshman females: r=+.29 (05)
junior males    : r=+.18 (ns)
junior females  : r=+.14 (ns)
                          
                      
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-a r = + freshman males  : r=+.11 (ns)
freshman females: r=+.29 (05)
junior males    : r=-.02 (ns)
junior females  : r=+.21 (05)
                 
                            
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-a r = + freshman males  : r=+.19 (ns)
freshman females: r=+.14 (ns)
junior males    : r=+.15 (ns)
junior females  : r=+.14 (ns)
                   
                          
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-a r = + freshman males  : r=+.39 (05)
freshman females: r=+.02 (ns)
junior males    : r=+.38 (05)
junior females  : r=+.32 (05)
                      
                          
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-a r = + freshman males  : r=+.24 (05)
freshman females: r=+.17 (ns)
junior males    : r=+.28 (05)
junior females  : r=+.05 (ns)
                        
                        
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-a r = + freshman males  : r=+.21 (05)
freshman females: r=+.20 (05)
junior males    : r=+.18 (ns)
junior females  : r=+.11 (ns)

A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-a r = + freshman males  : r=+.27 (05)
freshman females: r=+.08 (ns)
junior males    : r=+.24 (05)
junior females  : r=+.03 (ns)

A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-a r = + freshman males  : r=+.36 (05)
freshman females: r=+.28 (05)
junior males    : r=+.17 (ns)
junior females  : r=+.19 (ns)
             
                          
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-a r = + freshman males  : r=+.12 (ns)
freshman females: r=+.10 (ns)
junior males    : r=+.20 (05)
junior females  : r=+.07 (ns)

A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-a r = + freshman males  : r=+.11 (ns)
freshman females: r=+.13 (ns)
junior males    : r=+.05 (ns)
junior females  : r=+.15 (ns)
            
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-a r = + freshman males  : r=+.36 (05)
freshman females: r=+.04 (ns)
junior males    : r=+.28 (05)
junior females  : r=+.07 (ns)